SACRAMENTO (AP) — Some of the secrecy surrounding shootings by police in California would be lifted under a measure that advanced Wednesday in the Legislature.
Senators approved the public release of police reports when officers are found to have improperly used force or discharged a firearm, committed sexual assaults on the job or have been dishonest in their official duties.
The legislation was among several criminal justice measures approved, including two that would limit prison sentences. All now move to the Assembly.
“California is one of the most secretive states in the nation,” said Democratic state Sen. Nancy Skinner of Berkeley. She said 12 states allow more disclosure on police misconduct, while 15 other states have requirements similar to her proposal.
Supporters said Skinner’s measure would help restore public trust amid a national outcry over police shootings of minorities. The fatal police shooting of 22-year-old Stephon Clark, an unarmed black man, roiled Sacramento in March with days of protests.
“There is great distrust in this state and in this country as it relates to law enforcement,” said Democratic Sen. Steven Bradford of Gardena. “They should be held to the same accountability as anyone else.”
Republican Sen. Jeff Stone of Temecula said the measure could open officers to more attacks and criticism. Numerous police organizations oppose the measure, and Skinner said she is considering an amendment that would redact officers’ names from public reports.
Republicans also criticized two measures limiting criminal sentences.
One would prevent judges from imposing sentences longer than twice the base term by limiting so-called enhancements for repeat offenses or using a firearm. For instance, enhancements that would lengthen a seven-year base term could not exceed a 14-year sentence.
Bradford said his measure is “striving for balance to make sure poor people have a chance to turn their lives around and not spend the rest of their lives in prison.”
A separate bill would bar juveniles ages 14 and 15 from being tried in adult courts.
“Children and youth who commit crimes are capable of change and are redeemable,” said Sen. Ricardo Lara, a Los Angeles-area Democrat who authored the legislation.
He said youth of color are disproportionately transferred to adult courts and prisons.
Young offenders can still be incarcerated at juvenile facilities where they will receive age-appropriate rehabilitation services rather than what Lara said can amount to training in a life of crime at adult prisons.
GOP opponents said the option of transferring young offenders to adult prisons should be available for the worst offenders.
Several Republicans supported another measure that would narrow California’s legal definition of felony murder, which allows murder convictions against some offenders who did not directly participate in the slaying.
Skinner said the narrower definition will still allow murder charges against anyone who helped, planned or engaged in reckless behavior knowing it could result in death, she said.
The measure would require new sentencing for prior offenders, which critics said could create problems in certain cases.
Meanwhile, the Assembly approved adding several kinds of rape, including rape of an unconscious person, and human trafficking to the list of felonies classified as violent and therefore not eligible for earlier release from prison.