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206 miles featuring lofty pavement, hot springs, active volcano & eerie tufa towers
highway 120
The backside of Yosemite National Park defined by the Sierra crest is in the distance as northbound Highway 395 approaches the junction of Highway 120.

One of the most magical rides in California can be taken on the 206-mile long Highway 120 that runs from Manteca in the west to Benton in the east.

*It starts from the edge of the Western Hemisphere’s only delta on the Pacific Coast

*Goes through the Yosemite National Park high country.

*Crosses over the highest pavement in the state highway system at 9,943 feet at Tioga Pass.

*Skirts one of the oldest lakes in the United States — Mono lake — estimated to be between 760,000 and 3 million years old.

*And goes past the northern edge of the Long Valley Caldera, one of seven active volcanoes in California as identified by the United States Geological Survey.

It starts at Interstate 5 in Lathrop — the only north-south interstate that runs from Canada to Mexico on the West Coast — and ends at US Highway 6 also known as the Grand Highway of the Republic, the longest continuous highway (non-interstate) in the country.

Summer and early fall are  the best time to take a road trip on Highway 120. That's because often as early as November to as late as Memorial Day large segments of the highway are closed.

The Tioga Pass portion that runs from Crane Flat to Lee Vining and Highway 395 plus the Mono Basin segment between Lee Vining and a point just west of Benton are closed during the winter due to snow.

Manteca, for the record, is the largest city on Highway 120,

Along the route from the Great Valley to the Great Basin you will find:

*The world's largest stand of sweet smelling Jeffrey Pines.

*Hiking trail heads to two stands of giant sequoias (the biggest living things on earth) —  the Merced Grove and Tuolumne Grove.

*The unique ecological system of Mono Lake with its eerie limestone fed tufa towers.

*Groveland, one of the oldest and largest Gold Rush era towns still plugging along.

*The stunning Tioga Canyon.

*The trailhead to the easiest accessible 13,000-foot plus mountain peak in California.

*The largest covered wooden bridge west of the Mississippi River.

*The oldest continuous operating general store in California.

*A unique campground with hot tubs filled with hot springs water.

And that's just for starters.


Manteca has biggest

draw along the 120

Most folks in the 209 think of Highway 120 and the 120 Bypass comes to mind — an often crowed four-lane connector between Highway 99 and Interstate 5 popular with Bay Area commuters as well as Bay Area resents fleeing to the Sierra on weekends.

But it is much more than that. Just ask the camera toting tourists that gawk at the inside of Bass Pro Sports in Manteca. Some 3.75 million people walk through the massive pseudo drive-thru redwood that graces the lobby of the store at the 120 Bypass and Union Road.

And while Manteca residents might do a "so what", the Bass Pro Shops is the biggest visitor attraction that lures traffic to the 120 corridor save for Yosemite  National Park although a slightly larger share of the 4 million annual visitors access Yosemite from Highway 41 and Highway 140.

Leaving Manteca and heading east of the 120 you will run across the largest number of fruit stands on a Central Valley-Sierra highway — seven — over 14 miles between Manteca and a point just east of Escalon. The Nature's Country Corner fruit stand at Jack Tone Road stand is famous for its fresh baked fruit pies.  

Residents of the 209 may not realize it but tourists from around the world marvel at the fresh produce that come from the fields and orchards that Highway 120 passes through.

Oakdale has an interesting cowboy museum along Highway 108/120. The museum ( is open Wednesday through Saturday from 10 am to 4 p.m. It is located in an old railroad station. 


Oldest operating

general store

in California

East of Oakdale a quick less than a mile side trip takes you to Knights Ferry.

It is here where you can walk among the ruins of California's first hydroelectric plant, walk across the longest covered wood bridge west of the Mississippi and buy a cold ice cream bar from the Knights Ferry General Store complete with old-style wooden plank floor complete with gaps that has been filling orders since it opened in 1852.

This is where Sunshine Rafting ( operates rafting trips (more like float trips) as flows on the Stanislaus River are much more dependable there all the way down to Orange Blossom.

The route to Yosemite's northern entrance takes you through Chinese Camp (the site of the famous 19th century tong wars), the northern arm of Don Pedro Reservoir, Groveland, and endless access roads to campgrounds and rivers. You can also see the massive destruction of the Rim Fire of 2013, the 11th largest ever in modern California history. It can be taken in with all its starkness at the Rim of the World vista point just east of Buck Meadows.


120 runs through

Yosemite high country

Highway 120 takes you by the trailheads for two of Yosemite's three redwood tree groves — Merced and Tuolumne. Each require fairly easy two to three mile hikes from the highway and are within distance of services at Crane Flat.

Highway 120 morphs into Tioga Pass Road as it runs through the Yosemite high country. It passes along the edge of Tenaya Lake, considered the best lake for swimming in Yosemite. There are picnic and camping areas around the lake plus an easy hiking trail that loops.

For the more adventurous Tenaya Lake is also at the trailhead to reach Cloud's Rest that looms above Half Dome and standards guard some 4,000 feet above Yosemite Valley's northwest corner. It is a strenuous day hike but worth the effort.

Further up near Tioga Pass is Tuolumne Meadows. It is the jumping off point for numerous multi-day hikes in the high country but it also has a slew of day hikes that aren't exhausting at all allowing you to take in the expansive meadows and surrounding peaks.

At Tioga Pass (9,943 feet) itself, you are 2.9 miles from Mt. Dana's summit at 13,061 feet. It's a strenuous half day hike. It is also the most accessible 13,000 plus peak in California. While the trail is not maintained it is extremely obvious as it is well marked by cairns. Among trail accessible peaks it has the best commanding views of the Sierra.



Mono Lake &

its tufa towers


Dropping down from lofty Tioga Pass at 9,943 feet you swing by several alpine lakes and then start the descent down the Tioga Canyon to Lee Vining. It is here, just off Highway 396 heading west that you will find the farthest sign advising motorists they are driving toward Manteca. It is 160 miles from Manteca.

Lee Vining is just above Mono Lake. The lake itself is an amazing sight with its towering limestone towers exposed over the past 60 years once Los Angeles started diverting water from creeks that flow into the lake to try and satisfy their unquenchable thirst.

There's a state-run visitors center just north of Lee Vining although it’s arguably the Mono Lake Committee visitors center and bookstore offers much more information on Mono Lake, water politics, and the geology and nature of the Eastern Sierra.

The lake itself is significantly saltier than the ocean. The best tufa tower area to visit is on the south shore complete with an easy and well-marked hiking trail. There is a great old-fashioned frostie drive-in dubbed the Mono Cone that serves incredibly great milkshakes, burgers and even veggie burgers.

Highway 120 swings south and follows Highway 395 a bit until swinging to the east and ultimately ending in Benton. On the way, you will pass the world's latest stand of Jeffrey Pines that soar up to 135 feet. Get close to a Jeffrey pine tree and sniff its bark and you will catch a distinct smell of butterscotch although some say it is vanilla or even pineapple.

Benton is a rarity among Gold Rush boom towns. It was founded in 1852 with the discovery of gold swelling the population almost overnight to 5,000 before silver replaced gold as the mainstay. And while more famous mining towns such as nearby  Bodie — California's largest Gold Rush ghost town that is kept in state of arrested decay — were eventually abandoned, Benton has hanged on although its  population is just several dozen today.


Highway 120 offers



Just near the end of Highway 120 where it intersects with Highway 6 in Benton, you will find one of the world's most unusual campgrounds and it’s just off the asphalt ribbon that started 200 miles to the west in Manteca.

Benton Hot Springs Campgrounds offers 11 private campgrounds each complete with a hot tub fed from the hot springs. Four camp sites have hot tubs that can accommodate up to three people while the remainder can handle up to 10.

The campground ( offers stunning  views of the sunset over the White Mountains. There is hourly as well as nightly rates.

For those not into camping nearby Benton Hot Springs Inn has seven rooms on an historic 1940s era building three private houses and 10 private tubs all fed with the hot springs water.


To contact Dennis Wyatt, email