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List linked to states open enrollment law
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The Open Enrollment Act was adopted earlier this year by the California State Board of Education during an emergency session.

Known to educators as the Romero Bill, it was introduced last January as part of the legislative package to boost California’s chances to compete for money from the federally-funded Race to the Top program.

While unsuccessful in that bid, the Open Enrollment Act remained.

The law identified 1,000 low-achieving schools from throughout the state. Included on the list are 687 elementary schools, 165 middle schools, and 148 high schools. Exempt are charter schools, community day schools, and some low-performing schools.

According to state law, no district can have more than 10 percent of its schools on that list.

The 10 percent cap was necessary to avoid overwhelming districts with many low-performing schools. In doing so, it forced the placement of a handful of schools throughout California that are meeting expectations to go on the list as if they were failing.

 The schools on the annual list were selected based on the Academic Performance Index.

This part of the state Standardized Testing And Reporting exam consisted of scores ranging from 200 to 1,000, with 800 as the target for public schools.

The purpose of the Open Enrollment Act, according to the state, is “to improve student achievement and enhance parental choice in education by providing additional options to pupils in public schools throughout the state without regard to the residence of their parents.”

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